We now know AIDS can affect the brain, but how does a person find out they have a neurological malfunction caused by AIDS? There are many forms of diagnoses physicians can perform on the patient. The first of these is through a medical history exams. The doctor will study the patients medical problems and go from there. If there has never been past complications that could indicate AIDS, then the doctors will go further and do a physical examination. The entire body will be examined by a family doctor, or a specialist.
|Brain imaging results|
There are many different forms of testing for the previously listed complications. Brain imaging is the most commonly used procedure. Through brain imaging, these areas of damages can be seen: inflammation of the brain, internal bleeding/hemorrhaging, tumors(CNS lymphomas), white matter irregularities, etc. Because the neurological functions are so intricate, there must be several examination types. Some of these ways are through computed tomography scans (CT scan), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Functions MRI (fMRI), and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS). Other alternative ways are electromyography (EMG), a biopsy, which is where skin and tissue samples are tested, and cerebrospinal fluid analysis.
|Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis Procedure|
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