Sunday, October 2, 2016

Neurological Complications Continuation


      We now know AIDS can affect the brain, but how does a person find out they have a neurological malfunction caused by AIDS? There are many forms of  diagnoses physicians can perform on the patient. The first of these is through a medical history exams. The doctor will study the patients medical problems and go from there. If there has never been past complications that could indicate AIDS, then the doctors will go further and do a physical examination. The entire body will be examined by a family doctor, or a specialist. 
Image result for brain activity scan hiv
Brain imaging results
      The second type of diagnoses procedure is through general neurological disorder tests. AIDS is a 'mimicker' disease. Put simply, it is capable of mimicking the symptoms of other diseases, such as, bipolar disorder, Alzheimer's, ADHD, and many other illnesses. Because of this, many parts of brain activity must be tested.  The areas tested are as follows: motor and sensory skills; mental status; nerve functions; changes in mood and behavior; hearing and speech impediments, vision complications; and coordination/balance.  
      There are many different forms of testing for the previously listed complications. Brain imaging is the most commonly used procedure. Through brain imaging, these areas of damages can be seen: inflammation of the brain, internal bleeding/hemorrhaging, tumors(CNS lymphomas), white matter irregularities, etc. Because the neurological functions are so intricate, there must be several examination types.  Some of these ways are through computed tomography scans (CT scan), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Functions MRI (fMRI), and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS).  Other alternative ways are electromyography (EMG), a biopsy, which is where skin and tissue samples are tested, and cerebrospinal fluid analysis. 


Image result for cerebrospinal fluid
Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis Procedure
      It fathoms my mind to think AIDS can affect so many different areas of the brain. I knew AIDS was more serious than the 'common' mole or wart, but knowing the brain can become extremely messed up because of the disease, is especially concerning.  If the symptoms are so common, it leads one to believe there are more statistics researchers are not aware of.  If I was losing vision, I would think it was my eyes failing, where in all reality, I could have a deadly disease and never know it. There should be more AIDS testings available at the regular physical examination. 
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